The sacraments are efficacious signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us. The visible rites by which the sacraments are celebrated signify and make present the graces proper to each sacrament. They bear fruit in those who receive them with the required dispositions.(CCC 1131).
There are 7 Sacraments given to the Church by Christ. They can be grouped into 3 categories: Initiation, Healing, and Service. When we participate in them, each provides us with graces—the life of God in our soul.
Sacraments of Initiation are those which lay the foundation for our life in Christ. They are
The faithful are born anew by Baptism, strengthened by the sacrament of Confirmation, and receive in the Eucharist the food of eternal life. (CCC 1212)
The Sacraments of Healing have been given to the Church to to continue the healing work of Christ on this earth through the power of the Holy Spirit. They are:
Through these Sacraments, Catholics can heal our relationship with God weakend or lost through sin.
The Sacraments of Service are those by which we enter into a vocation that is directed toward the salvation of others. The Sacraments of Service are: